Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Vaccination
What Is HPV?
HPV, or human papillomavirus, is a group of over 150 different, related viruses. Some of these viruses can cause warts. Others can lead to serious cancers of the throat, mouth or genitals.
At least 70 million Americans have HPV with another 14 million becoming infected each year.
How Does HPV Spread?
Human papillomavirus spreads through intimate skin-to-skin contact. Vaginal, oral or anal sex are all ways the virus can pass from person-to-person. The virus is so common that most men and women have it as some point in their life.
Symptoms can develop years after infection, making it hard to know when the infection started.
It is possible, but rare, for a mother to pass HPV to her child. But, it can lead to a serious condition called recurrent respiratory papillomatosis (RRP). This is a dangerous condition where HPV warts grow inside the throat.
There are no documented cases of HPV spreading from surfaces in an environment, like toilet seats.