Tips and recommendations for healthy travel to top destinations
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Learn more about the travel visa requirements for top destinations
Egypt’s 3,000 year history is rich and complex, filled with more than just mummies and pyramids. This land has ties to people and places that existed milleniums ago.
There are many sights to see in Egypt. The pyramids of Giza, the oldest of the original seven wonders of the world, remain still largely intact. The life-giving Nile River. The legendary tomb of King Tut.
But, as many sights as there are in Egypt, recent conflict in and around the country has increased the risks of travel there.
Yes, some vaccines are recommended or required for Egypt. The CDC and WHO recommend the following vaccines for Egypt:
Decisions should be made based on travel plans and whether there is an increased personal risk for contracting certain diseases.
The CDC lists Egypt as a region where cholera may be present.
The last major cholera outbreak was in 1947. It had a death rate of 50% and took over 10,000 lives. The health campaign that followed nearly eradicated the disease from the country.
Travelers should consider the cholera vaccine, Vaxchora, as part of their health preparations.
US Citizens must have a visa to travel to Egypt as well as a valid passport.
Single and multiple entry visas are available that permit a stay in Egypt of up to 30 days.
If you attempt to leave Egypt after the end date noted on your visa, you will be fined. Should you find yourself in this situation, be sure to arrive at the airport well before your flight and with plenty of Egyptian currency.
For more information, see our Egypt visa page. Or contact a Passport Health Passport and Visa specialist by calling 1-844-366-8472 or by filling out our online form.
Egypt only has two seasons – a hot summer and a moderate winter. In general, Egyptian days are warm or hot and nights are cool or even cold. While the majority of Egypt is desert, there are four unique physical regions with different climates.
The Nile Region
The Pyramids of Giza are located in the northeast corner of this region.
This region is one of the driest areas in the Sahara Desert. It spans from the Mediterranean Sea south to the Sudanese Border, and from the Libyan border east to the Nile River Valley. The area rarely sees any rain. Hot, dry sandstorms, called khamsins, are common in the spring months and can be dangerous.
Temperatures vary greatly. In summer months, temperatures can get up to 110 degrees Fahrenheit during the day and 45 degrees Fahrenheit at night. In winter months, temperatures fluctuate less, but the desert can get to 65 degrees celsius during the day and as low as 30 degrees celsius at night.
The Eastern Desert is mountainous. The topography increases east of the Nile to become dry, rocky hills, the Red Sea Mountains, at elevations around 1,900 meters or higher. This is a dry, desolate area that is isolated from the rest of the country. There is not much in this part of the country because it is not suitable for agriculture or other sustained settlements.
This is a triangular peninsula that connects Asia with Africa. It is also known as the Sinai Desert because of its arid climate. The rest of Egypt is to the West, Israel and the Gaza Strip to the east. The Mediterranean Sea is to the north and the Red Sea is to the south.
The peninsula has two distinctly different climates. The northern part of the peninsula, closer to the Mediterranean, is dry and intensely hot during the summer and sees more rain during the winter. The southern part, closer to the Red Sea, is at higher elevation and is more prone to clouds, especially near the tops of the hills. The temperatures fluctuate a little more, getting cooler at night. Humidity is higher near the coasts on the peninsula.
Non-essential travel to Egypt is not recommended. The U.S. Department of State has issued travel warnings to Egypt.
Travelers should avoid going to the Western Desert toward the Libyan border and the Sinai Peninsula due to an unpredictable security situation.
When traveling to coastal resorts, exercise a high degree of caution.
Travelers should use reputable Egyptian travel agencies if they still decide to make the trip. Those agencies are informed about the security issues and will know how to best advise.
All Americans visiting Egypt should register online with the US State Department before departure. This will inform the office of your travel plans within the country and will allow them to reach out in the case of an emergency or evacuation.
If you plan to purchase a local SIM card you can also enter your phone number to receive SMS updates from the office.
U.S. Embassy Cairo
5 Tawfik Diab Street
Garden City, Cairo
Telephone: (20-2) 2797 3300
Fax: (20-2) 2797 3200
Visit the Embassy of the United States to Egypt website prior to your departure to confirm correct contact details for the office.
If you have any questions about traveling to Egypt or are wondering what shots you may need for your trip, schedule an appointment by calling or book online now!
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