Tips and recommendations for healthy travel to top destinations
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According to the CDC, yellow fever is a mosquito-borne viral disease present in Africa and South America. The infection can range from mild to severe. Vaccination is the best protection against this virus.
Mild symptoms of yellow fever include: fever, nausea, vomiting, headache, abdominal and muscle pains. More severe symptoms include hepatitis and hemorrhagic fever.
While yellow fever is not present throughout the globe, yellow fever vaccination is important because of the virus's high mortality rate.
Some countries like Ghana and Brazil require all or some travelers receive the immunization to enter the country.
In addition to receiving a yellow fever vaccine, travelers should be sure to use appropriate mosquito repellents or netting. These are also available through Passport Health.
The yellow fever vaccine provides protection against the virus for travelers and those living in areas where the disease is present. The vaccine is only available in an injectable form.
Because the yellow fever vaccine is very safe and the disease risk is high, the CDC recommends this vaccine for adults and children over 9 months who will be traveling to high-risk areas.
Some countries require proof of yellow fever immunization for entry. Because of this, all individuals who receive a yellow fever vaccination at Passport Health also receive an International Certificate of Vaccination (or 'yellow card') to certify they have been immunized. This card is what will be presented at an international entry point in most cases.
Only registered Yellow Fever Vaccination Centers like Passport Health can give the yellow fever vaccine and provide the International Certificate of Vaccination ("yellow card") to travelers and other individuals. After receiving the vaccine at Passport Health you will receive an International Certificate of Vaccination (ICV) completed, signed and validated with the official stamp. Find a Passport Health location near you to get vaccinated against yellow fever.
The best way to prevent yellow fever is through vaccination. But, you should take extra precautions if you are in an area with the virus. The CDC recommends travelers do the following to prevent mosquito bites in these regions:
Schedule a yellow fever vaccination today at a local Passport Health clinic by calling or book online now.
Yellow fever is common in sub-Saharan Africa (where it is endemic), countries in South America and a few other parts of the world.
Many countries that do not require yellow fever vaccination for entry, do require proof of the yellow fever vaccine if coming from an infected region. The vaccine is recommended for travel outside urban areas especially in yellow fever endemic zones.
Fatal cases of yellow fever have occurred in unvaccinated tourists visiting areas within the yellow fever endemic zone. Some countries require a traveler, even if only in transit, to have a valid international certificate of yellow fever vaccination if he or she has been in a country either known or thought to harbor yellow fever.
Central and South America
1Countries/areas where “a risk of yellow fever transmission is present,” as defined by the World Health Organization, are countries or areas where “yellow fever has been reported currently or in the past, plus vectors and animal reservoirs currently exist.”
2These countries are not holoendemic (i.e., only a portion of the country has risk of yellow fever transmission). Please see above map for details.
Table 3-25. Countries that require proof of
yellow fever vaccination for all arriving travelers1
1 Country requirements for yellow fever vaccination are subject to change at any time; therefore, CDC encourages travelers to check with the destination country’s embassy or consulate before departure.
Recent studies show one dose of yellow fever vaccine may be effective for a patient's entire life. Previous evidence recommended a booster every 10 years. However, many countries still require evidence of a yellow fever vaccination within the last five to ten years in order to be allowed entry. This may mean you will need to get a yellow fever booster shot. Be sure to check with your Passport Health travel specialist regarding whether you need a yellow fever booster.
So, if you are asking yourself, "What travel shots and vaccinations do I need?" or "Where do I get the yellow fever Vaccine?" schedule an appointment with your local Passport Health travel medicine clinic.
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