Travel Vaccines and Advice for Latvia
Latvia is in Northern Europe and is a country in the Baltic Region. Estonia, Lithuania, Russia, and Belarus border Latvia. There is a maritime border located to the west. Its capital is Riga.
Latvia is a mix of the old and new, offers travelers a chance to get in touch with nature, and has beautiful skylines. While Latvia is a small country, there is a lot to experience. It’s a place where the people of Latvia celebrate their culture through festivals.
Whether you love history, architecture, or the beach, travelers will love Latvia.
Do I Need Vaccines for Latvia?
Yes, some vaccines are recommended or required for Latvia. The CDC and WHO recommend the following vaccinations for Latvia: hepatitis A, hepatitis B, rabies, meningitis, polio, measles, mumps and rubella (MMR), Tdap (tetanus, diphtheria and pertussis), chickenpox, shingles, pneumonia and influenza.
See the bullets below to learn more about some of these key immunizations:
- Hepatitis A –
Food & Water –
Recommended for most travelers
- Hepatitis B –
Blood & Body Fluids –
Accelerated schedule available
- Rabies –
Saliva of Infected Animals –
High risk country. Vaccine recommended for long-term travelers and those who may come in contact with animals.
- Measles Mumps Rubella (MMR) –
Various Vectors –
Given to anyone unvaccinated and/or born after 1957. One time adult booster recommended.
- TDAP (Tetanus, Diphtheria & Pertussis) –
Wounds & Airborne –
Only one adult booster of pertussis required.
- Chickenpox –
Direct Contact & Airborne –
Given to those unvaccinated that did not have chickenpox.
- Shingles –
Direct Contact –
Vaccine can still be given if you have had shingles.
- Pneumonia –
Two vaccines given seperately. All 65+ or immunocompromised should receive both.
- Influenza –
Vaccine components change annually.
- Meningitis –
Airborne & Direct Contact –
Given to anyone unvaccinated or at an increased risk, especially students.
- Polio –
Food & Water –
Considered a routine vaccination for most travel itineraries. Single adult booster recommended.
See the tables below for more information:
Recommended Travel Vaccinations for Latvia
|VACCINE||HOW DISEASE SPREADS||DETAILS|
|Hepatitis A||Food & Water||Recommended for most travelers|
|Hepatitis B||Blood & Body Fluids||Accelerated schedule available|
|Rabies||Saliva of Infected Animals||High risk country. Vaccine recommended for long-term travelers and those who may come in contact with animals.|
Routine Vaccinations for Latvia
|VACCINE||HOW DISEASE SPREADS||DETAILS|
|Measles Mumps Rubella (MMR)||Various Vectors||Given to anyone unvaccinated and/or born after 1957. One time adult booster recommended.|
|TDAP (Tetanus, Diphtheria & Pertussis)||Wounds & Airborne||Only one adult booster of pertussis required.|
|Chickenpox||Direct Contact & Airborne||Given to those unvaccinated that did not have chickenpox.|
|Shingles||Direct Contact||Vaccine can still be given if you have had shingles.|
|Pneumonia||Airborne||Two vaccines given seperately. All 65+ or immunocompromised should receive both.|
|Influenza||Airborne||Vaccine components change annually.|
|Meningitis||Airborne & Direct Contact||Given to anyone unvaccinated or at an increased risk, especially students.|
|Polio||Food & Water||Considered a routine vaccination for most travel itineraries. Single adult booster recommended.|
Passport Health Travel Vaccines for Latvia
“And I was worried? They took care of everything. Knowledgeable, professional, on time, and had suggestions for everything that was causing me concerned before a trip to Latvia.”
“The visit was great and I learned so much valuable information for my trip to Latvia. The nurse/doctor that met with me had so much knowledge to share and ensured that I fully understood everything from the vaccines to the medication to the type of foods to avoid on my trip. She was wonderful and I’m glad I went to this location!”
Do I Need a Visa for Latvia?
A visa is not required for stays under 90 days in Latvia. Your passport must have six months validity.
Latvia Entry Requirements
|Do I Need A…||For My Trip to Latvia?|
You may be required to show proof of sufficient funds and an onward airline ticket.
For more information contact a Passport Health Passport and Visa specialist by calling 1-844-366-8472 or by filling out our online form.
What Is the Climate Like in Latvia?
Latvia is in a temperate climate zone where travelers can enjoy all four seasons. People will encounter sub-zero temperatures and snow in the winter. Rains are common in the spring. Warm summers are a great time to visit and autumn colors are amazing.
- Winter — Temperatures are usually negative, but rarely below 20. Skiing is the ideal sport to do because of the flat terrain, but the mountains are not that high. The sea freezes over during the cold winters.
- Spring — Temperatures are in the 30’s most of the season. The rivers tend to overflow in the springtime. This is the perfect time for people to go boating because of the high water levels.
- Summer — The best time to go is when it is usually in the 60’s. Thunderstorms may occur later in the summertime.
- Autumn — Temps are in the 40’s this time of year. The first snowfall can occur in October or November. Travelers will see the red, orange, gold colors of the leaves across the country of Latvia.
How Safe Is Latvia?
Crime tends to be nonviolent, but assault and robberies have happened. Foreigners and same sex couples have been harassed in Latvia. Be aware that purse snatching, pickpocketing, and mugging have occurred.
As a traveler in Latvia you should also not make it habit to walk alone at night as well as using ATMs at night.
There are many cool and unique places to go to Latvia. Skrunda-1 is one of them. It’s a secret, abandoned city of Soviet ruins. Located in Lidumnieki, this place use to be a Soviet military installation. Skrunda-1 has been abandoned for years. But, it holds so much history in its ruins that travelers can see for themselves.
This secret city came into being in 1963, and it was made for military purposes during the Cold War. It was used to lookout for missiles that were coming from Western Europe.
Skrunda-1 was abandoned in 1998 and more than 60 buildings are still standing. Travelers can see some of the walls filled with propaganda art. The government is making sure the site is being preserved.
What Should I Take to Latvia?
When you travel to Latvia, there are some essential things you need to take on your trip.
- Travel Documents — You need a passport that has been valid for six months. A visa is not required if you plan to stay in Latvia less than 90 days within a six month period.
- Money — Euros are currently used in Latvia. You can exchange money at a bank or exchange office. Some ATMs allow money exchange as well. Credit and debit cards can be used at ATMs. Visa and MasterCard are accepted.
- Health and Safety — Bring prescription medicines, medical supplies, and over the counter medicines. You should also pack supplies to prevent injury or illness, and a first aid kit.
U.S. Embassy in Latvia
All Americans visiting Latvia should register online with the U.S. Department of State before departure. This will inform the office of your travel plans within the country and will allow them to reach out in the case of an emergency or evacuation.
Once in Latvia, the information for the U.S. Embassy is:
U.S. Embassy Riga
1 Samnera Velsa St. (former Remtes)
Phone: +371 6710 7000
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