Malaria is prevalent throughout the entire country of Ghana. This means you should take all necessary precautions to protect yourself from becoming infected. This can include taking malaria medication with the recommendation from your doctor or travel health specialist as well as bringing DEET insect repellent, long pants and shirts as well as sleeping under bed nets.
The HIV/AIDS epidemic is has unfortunately not missed Ghana. You should be aware of the risks you face should you partake in sexual intercourse, use unsterilized needles, or are exposed to blood of an infected person.
Avian Influenza (H5N1)
The avian influenza virus has been found in poultry populations in many countries in Africa. As a result, direct contact with birds is not recommended.
Ghana’s location near the equator brings with it year round warm temperatures and lots of sun. But it also means that the sun is very strong and can quickly burn your skin. Be sure to protect yourself from the harsh rays by using an appropriate SPF/UVB sun protection every day during your stay.
These infections are usually the result of contaminated water. To avoid contracting this infection, be sure to drink only bottled water as well as taking precaution when swimming, bathing or walking along riverbanks and the shoreline.