- Travel vaccines are an important part of planning a trip to Brazil.
- Make sure routine immunizations are up-to-date.
- Diseases spread when in close quarters with others.
Brazil is world famous for soccer, beaches and so much more. In a five year period, Brazil will have hosted the Olympics and World Cup of soccer, two popular events.
Brazil is the largest nation in South America with on of the world’s largest economies. Tourism also plays a significant role in the Brazilian economy. Host cities like Rio de Janeiro and Brasilia see millions of tourists each year for all kinds of events. Although parts of Brazil are cosmopolitan, many areas remain impoverished or under-developed. The tropical climates in some regions bring with them many diseases.
Why Do I Need Vaccines for Brazil?
The last thing a traveler to Brazil wants to encounter is a debilitating illness. Diseases like dengue and typhoid can keep even seasoned travelers from enjoying a trip. Travel immunizations can end the risk of contracting many diseases while in the Brazil.
What Vaccines Do I Need for Brazil?
Based on personal medical history, recommended or required vaccinations for Brazil are:
- Hepatitis A:. Spread through contaminated food or water, hepatitis A is a common travel illnesses. The CDC suggests this vaccine for travelers who enjoy Brazil’s amazing cuisine.
- Hepatitis B:. A bloodborne illness, hepatitis B, spreads through blood products, medical devices, and sexual intercourse. This is especially true in the developing world. Anyone who comes in contact with these items should consider the Hepatitis B vaccine.
- Typhoid: This bacterial illness spreads through contaminated food and water. It is one of the most common infections among travelers and can ruin a trip. Oral and injectable variants of the vaccine are available.
- Yellow fever: This severe mosquito-borne illness causes hemorrhaging and even death. It is one of the most common travel vaccinations and recommended for travel to many countries. The vaccine only requires boosters every 10 years, protecting you for many trips.
- Polio: Polio has been making headlines with small resurgences throughout the world. Despite efforts to eradicate the disease, still persists in many regions. While the polio vaccine is routine in the US, but be sure you are up-to-date.
- Rabies:. Spread through bites from infected animals, rabies is often associated with wild animals. But, the disease exists in stray animals on the streets of countries like Brazil. This viral disease causes acute encephalitis and results in death. In the US, most animals receive the rabies vaccine. The CDC and WHO recommends pre-exposure rabies vaccine based on specific travel plans.
- Measles. This respiratory disease is spreads fast and is common in many developing countries. In recent years, many U.S. outbreaks have been travel-associated. Be sure to make sure your MMR vaccination is up-to-date before you travel.
- Meningitis:. Viral and bacterial meningitis spread in close quarters environments like boats or hostels. The meningitis vaccine protects international travelers depending on their itinerary and accommodations.
What Diseases Are In Brazil?
Aside from those listed above, there are a few other diseases native to Brazil:
- Malaria: When traveling to Brazil, you should avoid mosquito bites to prevent malaria. This mosquito-borne disease is always serious and may be even deadly. Proper use of mosquito repellents and bed nets will provide great protection. But, antimalarial medication is the best protection. Be sure to speak with a travel specialist about your itinerary and antimalarial medication.
- Dengue: As a common mosquito-borne disease, dengue affects millions of people globally each year. Brazil is no exception with cases in various parts of the country. No vaccine against dengue is currently available. The CDC recommends standard precautions against mosquitoes such as repellents and netting.
- Chikungunya and Zika Viruses: Both of these viruses are new to the Americas. They spread through mosquitoes, as dengue and malaria, but generally cause milder symptoms. Yet, they still pose a danger to locals and travelers. Once again, no vaccines are available nor preventative medicine outside of repellents and netting.
What Else Do I Need To Travel To Brazil?
Aside from travel medicine, visitors to Brazil from the US will need a passport and visa. Both should be obtained long before travel to the country and will need preparation. Passport Health offers passport and visa expediting services to help you travel worry free.
If you plan to visit Brazil during a popular time, such as for a sporting event or Carnival, be extra careful. These times often have increased crime rates, sometimes leading to theft or injury. Always be aware of your surroundings and avoid situations that could be dangerous.
What Else Should I Know Before Traveling to Brazil?
Brazil is a wonderful country with amazing things to offer to its visitors. Whether you are traveling for business or pleasure, you are sure to enjoy your stay. But, prepare before you go.
A visit to a travel health specialist before your trip to Brazil will prepare you for your specific trip. Many vaccines need a series of shots, so schedule your travel health consultation soon. A registered Passport Health nurse will go over your medical history and itinerary. He or she will then help you decide what vaccines are right for your individual trip to Brazil.
To find the Passport Health clinic nearest you, visit our locations page. Whether you are leaving in days or weeks, it’s not too early or too late to protect yourself. Schedule your appointment today!